Population: 1,879,355 inhabitants (IBGE – 2015)
Population (Metropolitan): 3 429 888 inhabitants (IBGE – 2013)
Average height: 934,6m
Timezone: Brasilia (UTC-3)
Climate: Temperate maritime Cfb
HDI: 0.823 (UNDP 2010)
BRT Bike project allows bike transportation inside BRT bus. Photo: Clayton Biaggi
The start was Paraná independent Province of São Paulo, in 1853. Curitiba, the capital, had to adapt to the political and administrative changes required by the Empire to the new condition of independence. To this end, in 1855, he arrived in the province the French engineer Pierre Taulois, hired as inspector general measurement of public lands, accompanied by surveyors, scribes and others needed to start the work of his commission.
Curitiba in 1857, only two streets cut at right angles: the Assembly (today Doctor Muricy) and Trade (now Marechal Deodoro) as Taulois report. All other more or less moved away from that direction and Taulois indicated the means to straighten them, asking gradual expropriation in the public interest.
Taulois was indicating a series of measurements in order to leave all straight city streets, maintaining a “parallel” with the other. Streets and Trade, Fire (San Francisco), Graciosa (Serro Azul Baron) and other modifying its layout to point to a city with regular, quadrilateral, with intersections at right angles and well-defined, already showing some concern about the circulation within the urban grid.
Also had French influence the second major urban plan of Curitiba, commissioned in 1941 will Paulista firm Coimbra Bueno & Cia, which in turn hired the French architect and urbanist Alfred Agache. The plan was delivered to the City of Curitiba on October 23, 1943.
The Plan Agache, a radial system of roads around the center was adopted. Left marks that remain: the great avenues like Visconde de Guarapuava, Sete de Setembro and Marechal Floriano Peixoto; the storm sewers of XV de Novembro Street; the required setback 5 meters for new construction; the concentration of factories in the industrial zone behind the train station; the prediction of areas to the Civic Center and the Polytechnic Center; the Municipal Market. The Agache Plan directed the municipal authorities until 1958, when the Department of the City Hall Planning was created, along with Coplac – Curitiba Planning Commission.
The third major urban plan of Curitiba is what is in effect. Born in the 1960s, it gained momentum when the idea of a global and integrated planning. It opened competition at the national level, to choose the firm would prepare the Director of Curitiba Plan. He won the Paulista Serete company, which developed the work in São Paulo, twice a month, promoting meetings in Curitiba with a local team, which derived in Appuc – Research and Planning Advisory Curitiba Urban. It was transformed in 1965 in IPPUC – Institute of Research and Planning of Curitiba Urban.
Made and delivered one of the Master Plan draft, IPPUC was in charge of developing it in every detail. The City Council has promoted seminars entitled “Curitiba of Tomorrow”, to plan the discussion with all the representative institutions of the population. The philosophy was to integrate functions (live, move, work, recreate up) and urban services, from a tripod: transportation, road system and land use have come to be thought of together.
The Director of Curitiba Plan went from theory to practice in 1971 and guided three basic transformations in the city: the physical, economic and cultural. The new Master Plan of Curitiba has been ongoing since 2014 and provides for changes in the state capital for the next ten years.
(Source: City Hall of Curitiba – http://www.curitiba.pr.gov.br/)
Botanical Garden of Curitiba’s greenhouse. Photo: Rodrigo Cardoso
In September 2015 Curitiba was chosen as the best city in Brazil by Istoé / Austin Ratings ranking. The ranking was given based on more than 500 indicators, which were grouped into four main pillars: Fiscal, Economic, Social and Digital. The state capital was the winner among large cities.
In 2013, Forbes Magazine (http://www.forbes.com/forbes/) Curitiba elected as one of the 10 smartest cities in the world. In April, during a ceremony in Stockholm, he received the “Award Globe Sustainable City”, which annually elects the city with emphasis on sustainable urban development excellence. In 2010, Curitiba received two global awards for sustainability. In January, he won the “Sustainable Transport Award” in Washington, due to the implementation of the Green Line – A City of Curitiba project to extend the scope of the integrated transport system of the city.
In 2007, the city ranked third in a list of 15 world cities Greens, according to the American www.grist.org site. In 2006, Curitiba hosted the event COP8 / COP-MOP 3 of the UN. The state capital was the only Brazilian city to enter the twenty-first century as a national and international reference of urban planning and quality of life. In a survey by the American magazine Reader’s Digest, was the Brazilian city better placed in the ranking of best cities in the world to live.
In March 2001, a survey sponsored by the UN pointed Curitiba as the best capital in Brazil by the Living Conditions Index (ICV), composed of indicators such as income, education, housing, longevity and others. Curitiba is also the Brazilian city in recycling its waste: about 450 tons are recycled daily. In the 90s, the city was awarded by the UN with the award “United Nations Environment Program”, widely considered the top prize of the environment.
Curitiba Industrial Complex
The city’s industrial park is diversified and is located mainly in the Industrial City of Curitiba (CIC). His biggest highlight is the auto industry, the second largest center of the country, where are automakers like Audi, Case New Holand, Fiat, Nissan, Renault, Volvo and Volkswagen. The city also stands out for its use of clean technologies that do not generate toxic waste to the environment, in various sectors of industrial production. With an industrial park of 43 million square meters, the metropolitan area of Curitiba has attracted large companies such as ExxonMobil, Fandango, Sadia, Kraft Foods, Siemens, Johnson Controls and HSBC, as well as large local companies – The Apothecary, Positivo Informática and GVT , for example.
Historical head office of Universidade Federal do Paraná, first brazillian university. Photo: Rodrigo Cardoso
The capital Curitiba has eight university, namely: UFPR, UTFPR, PUC-PR, Universidade Positivo, Unicuritiba, Tuiuti University, Uniandrade, UniBrasil and Unespar-FAP / EMBAP. The Federal University of Paraná was the first university in the country, being inaugurated in 1912. Currently, the university has campuses not only in Curitiba, as well as in the interior and the coast of Paraná. Between higher education institutions also find themselves other 38 universities, with higher PUC-PR, Positivo University and Unicuritiba. In the area of visual arts, the city has four graduate courses.
SESC Paço da Liberdade Cultural Center, Generoso Marques Square. Foto: Rodrigo Cardoso
Curitiba’s birthplace, residence and main inspiration of the short story writer Dalton Trevisan (1925) and the controversial writer, poet and composer Paul Leminski (1944-1989). It is headquarters of the Oscar Niemeyer Museum, elected in 2012 one of the 20 most beautiful museums in the world. Moreover, it is home to great artists and home to major events such as the Curitiba Music Workshop, the Theatre Festival and the International Film Festival of Curitiba Biennial, shaking the city and mobilize large numbers of people.
Several significant events related to the visual arts have been held in the city. In 1944, it was created by the Government of Paraná the Paranaense Hall, which is still held today. In 1947, he began the Fine Arts Hall of spring, held until 1993 by the German community. During the decades of 70 and 90, Curitiba hosted the International Biennial of Engraving and specifically at 90, also held the Photography Biennial. In 1993, the first edition of VentoSul was held, now called International Biennial of Curitiba, which is a major event on the world circuit.
Curitiba is home to numerous cultural venues frequented by an ever larger and more diverse. Are museums, theaters, cinemas, concert halls, auditoriums, as well as parks and squares, offering craft fairs, antiques and a varied artistic programming open to the community.
The name of the state capital comes from combining two words of Tingüi Indians, Ge and Tupi-Guarani. Etuba Kore, meaning “pine forest” or “very pinion”, went on to name the location. The pine tree is the symbol of Curitiba, who turned 320 years in 2013. In the first half of 2015, the city received the Curitiba Theatre Festival 2015 and ’15 Film Look – Curitiba Int’l Film Festival.
Rua Dr. Pedrosa, 208 – Batel
Phone: +55 41 3323-3968
Conceptual Slaviero Full Jazz
Rua Silveira Peixoto, 1297 – Batel
Phone: +55 41 3312-7000
Slaviero Executive Curitiba Batel
Av. Visconde de Guarapuava, 4069 – Batel
Phone: +55 41 3017-1040
Rockefeller Slaviero Conceptual
Rua Rockefeller, 11 – Rebouças
Phone: +55 41 3023-2330
Slaviero Conceptual Palace Hotel
R. Sen. Alencar Guimarães, 50 – Centro
Phone: +55 41 3017-1000
R. Tibagi, 948 – Centro
Phone: +55 41 3074-9100
Slaviero Suites Curitiba Soho
R. Visc. Rio Branco, 1338 – Centro
Phone: +55 41 3219-1800
Slaviero Braz Hotel
Av. Luiz Xavier, 67 – Centro
Phone: +55 41 3052-9968
Curitiba Slaviero Slim Alto da XV
Councillor R. Araújo, 435 – Alto da XV
Phone: +55 41 3017-1050
Slaviero Slim Avenue of Torres
Mr Miguel street Buffara, 88 – Jardim das Americas
Phone: +55 41 3040-2100
Slaviero Executive Pinhais
Av Camilo Di Lellis, 689 – Center. – Pinhais – PR
Phone: +55 41 3033-1000
Ônibus da Linha Turismo em frente ao Museu Oscar Niemeyer. Foto: Rodrigo Cardoso
The Tourism Line is a special bus line that circulates in the main tourist points of Curitiba. With it, you can know the parks, squares and attractions. Considered one of the best in the country, the Tourism Line runs every trintaminutos, covering approximately 45 km in about two hours.
The tour starts in the Tiradentes Square, but you can start the course at any of the points. To board you buy a set of five tickets and is entitled to a boarding-four reembarques. Meet the Tourism Line and travel Curitiba at all points.
1 – Do not operate on Mondays;
2 – Starting point in Tiradentes Square;
3 – Working hours from 9:00 to 17:30, every 30 minutes (see timetable);
4 – The cards with the tickets can be purchased on the bus at any point of embarkation, or Urbs – Rodoferroviária – Centre Block – Av. Pres. Affonso Camargo, 330. Hours: 8:30 to 17:00 – weekdays – Monday to Friday;
5 – Children under 5 years do not pay the fare.
6 – Only the bus marked with “adhesive Bike” set on the tailgate has a bike transport whether or stroller.
(Source: City Hall of Curitiba – http://www.urbs.curitiba.pr.gov.br/transporte/linha-turismo)
Information about the city and also the metropolitan region can be obtained in Tourist Information Points (pits). Curitiba has eight Tourist Information Points located strategically:
Afonso Pena Airport
Tel: 156 or +55 (41) 3350-6456
Instituto Mun. de Turismo
Adress:Rua da Glória, 362, Centro Cívico