Curitiba is the capital of the state of Paraná, Brazil. According to population estimates, it is the most populous city in the southern region of the country. Curitiba maintained a pace of urban growth strengthened by the arrival of a large number of European immigrants throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, mostly Germans, Dutch, Ukrainians, Swiss, Italians, Koreans and Chinese, who contributed to the cultural diversity .
The city experimented with various urban plans and legislation aimed at controlling its growth and which led it to become internationally famous for its urban innovations and care for the environment. The largest of these was public transportation, whose system inspired many others around the world.
Curitiba is home to the first University of Brazil, the Federal University of Paraná (currently, the city has eight universities). It also has high levels of education, the lowest illiteracy rate and the best quality in basic education among capitals.
The capital of Paraná was classified by the 2015 Green Cities Index, conducted by Siemens with the Economist Intelligence Unit, as the most environmentally sustainable city in Latin America. In addition, the city was also considered by Unesco one of the “creative cities” of Brazil in 2014.
Curitiba has also been quoted in a survey published by Forbes magazine as the third most shrewd city in the world, which considers the city as a smart city to be concerned with being ecologically sustainable, with quality of life, good infrastructure and economic dynamism . It is an important cultural center and seat of the Curitiba Biennial.